Football fans in California may be aware of the detrimental effects of playing the game. In past years, discussions around concussions and their short- and long-term effects have been common, even resulting in a movie starring Will Smith. What some people might not know is car accidents can also cause traumatic brain injuries that result in similar symptoms as a concussion. Being aware of the common signs may help one seek medical help.
According to Medical News Today, a concussion is considered to be a mild TBI. When the head receives a jolt, whether due to a sports hit or car crash, the brain hits the side of skull, resulting in a variety of symptoms due to possible bleeding, bruising or nerve fiber tearing. They symptoms associated with a mild TBI often include headache and some short-term bewilderment. Multiple concussions and more severe head traumas can result in more serious symptoms.
The Mayo Clinic outlines some of the severe complications of a more serious TBI. These may include:
- Damage to the cranial nerves, leading to vision loss, facial paralysis or problems swallowing
- Trouble communicating
- Long-term changes in responsiveness and awareness
- Emotional changes such as anger, depression or insomnia
- Changes in behavior like loss of self control, increased risky behavior or verbal outbursts
- Degenerative illness such as dementia, Parkinson's or Alzheimer's
The treatment for a TBI varies depending on its severity. Mild injuries usually require time, rest and possibly mild painkillers. More severe injuries may require surgery, prescription medication and/or rehabilitative services.