Traumatic brain injuries and rehabilitation therapy

It is not uncommon for individuals involved in motor vehicle crashes on California roads to sustain some sort of head injury. These injuries may include minor to severe whiplash or some form of traumatic brain injury. A concussion is a common mild form of TBI. A more serious example, such as a skull fracture, may require emergency surgery and a long recovery process. Severe TBI may cause issues including physical, emotional and cognitive challenges. Rehabilitation therapy may help victims recover their ability to function independently.

There are numerous potential causes of TBI, though car accidents are frequently to blame. According to the Mayo Clinic, there are several symptoms that may indicate the presence of a TBI. Some of the physical signs include loss of consciousness, seizures, persistent headache, nausea and loss of coordination. TBI patients may also show mental symptoms, such as unusual behavior, ongoing confusion, combativeness or speech difficulties. A medical professional may develop immediate treatment and long-term recovery plans based on the severity of the injury and the patient’s unique health circumstances.

Rehabilitation therapy may refer to several different activities designed to support a TBI patient’s physical, emotional, mental and cognitive recovery. The National Institutes of Health describe several types of rehabilitation therapy that may help an individual during treatment for a TBI. For example, patients may work with physical therapists to improve their physical strength and flexibility. An occupational therapist may help an individual apply these improved physical skills in practical ways to recover self-care abilities such as bathing and dressing.

Patients may also need cognitive therapy to address issues with memory, perception and decision-making. Cognitive therapy may help individuals improve their learning, remembering and planning skills. Some health care providers may suggest vocational therapy as well to help TBI patients recover the skills they need for the workplace, such as interacting with others, multitasking and problem-solving. Rehabilitation therapy may be an essential part of an effective long-term treatment plan for TBI.